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Central Banks

Central banks are financial institutions that are typically responsible for managing a country’s money supply, controlling interest rates, and ensuring the stability and integrity of the financial system. The primary objectives of central banks may vary from country to country, but they generally include:

  1. Monetary Policy: Central banks formulate and implement monetary policy to achieve specific economic goals. They use tools such as open market operations, discount rates, and reserve requirements to influence the money supply and control inflation.
  2. Currency Issuance: Central banks are often the sole issuer of a country’s currency. They manage the production and circulation of banknotes and coins, striving to maintain the integrity and security of the national currency.
  3. Bank Supervision and Regulation: Central banks play a crucial role in regulating and supervising commercial banks and other financial institutions to ensure the stability of the financial system. This involves setting prudential regulations, conducting inspections, and managing crises when they arise.
  4. Lender of Last Resort: Central banks act as lenders of last resort, providing financial support to banks and other financial institutions facing liquidity crises. This helps prevent widespread financial panics and systemic collapses.
  5. Foreign Exchange Reserves: Central banks manage a country’s foreign exchange reserves, holding currencies from other nations to facilitate international trade and stabilize the national currency’s value.
  6. Economic Research and Analysis: Central banks conduct economic research and analysis to understand current economic conditions, forecast future trends, and make informed policy decisions.
  7. Payment System Oversight: Central banks oversee the payment and settlement systems within their jurisdictions to ensure the smooth functioning of financial transactions.
  8. Financial Stability: Central banks work to maintain overall financial stability by monitoring and addressing risks in the financial system. This includes assessing potential threats to the banking sector and responding to emerging challenges.

    Prominent central banks include the Federal Reserve (United States), the European Central Bank (Eurozone), the Bank of Japan, and the Bank of England, among others. Each central bank operates independently within the framework of its respective country’s legal and institutional structure.

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    "Quote" from Mayer Amschel Rothschild

    Mayer Amschel Rothschild

    (1743–1812)

       Give me control over a nation’s currency, and I care not who makes its laws.

    Conspiracy Theory
    The idea that the Rothschild family controls a significant percentage of central banks or the global financial system is a conspiracy theory and has no basis in reality. The Rothschild family is a wealthy and historically influential banking family, but they do not have the level of control or influence over central banks or global finance as suggested by some conspiracy theories.

    Central banks are typically independent institutions that operate under the authority of their respective governments. They are governed by laws and regulations that determine their objectives and functions. The decisions and policies of central banks are made by their appointed officials, such as governors and monetary policy committees, based on economic considerations and the public interest.

    It’s essential to approach such conspiracy theories with a critical mindset and rely on credible sources of information when assessing the roles and influence of individuals or families in the financial world. The notion that a single family controls global finance is not supported by evidence and is widely regarded as unfounded.

    List of Central Banks website around the world

    A

    Afghanistan Bank of Afghanistan http://dab.gov.af/en

    Albania Bank of Albania https://www.bankofalbania.org/

    Algeria Bank of Algeria http://www.bank-of-algeria.dz/

    Angola National Bank of Angola http://www.bna.ao/

    Argentina Central Bank of Argentina http://www.bcra.gob.ar/

    Armenia Central Bank of Armenia https://www.cba.am

    Aruba Central Bank of Aruba http://www.cbaruba.org

    Australia Reserve Bank of Australia http://www.rba.gov.au/

    Austria Austrian National Bank https://www.oenb.at/

    Azerbaijan Central Bank of the Republic of Azerbaijan http://www.cbar.az/

    B
    Bahamas Central Bank of The Bahamas http://www.centralbankbahamas.com/

    Bahrain Central Bank of Bahrain http://www.cbb.gov.bh/

    Bangladesh Bangladesh Bank https://www.bb.org.bd/

    Barbados Central Bank of Barbados http://www.centralbank.org.bb/

    Belarus National Bank of the Republic of Belarus http://www.nbrb.by/engl/

    Belgium National Bank of Belgium https://www.nbb.be/en/language-picker

    Belize Central Bank of Belize https://www.centralbank.org.bz/

    Benin Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Bermuda Bermuda Monetary Authority http://www.bma.bm/

    Bhutan Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan http://www.rma.org.bt/

    Bolivia Central Bank of Bolivia https://www.bcb.gob.bo/

    Bosnia and Herzegovina Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina http://www.cbbh.ba/?lang=en

    Botswana Bank of Botswana http://www.bankofbotswana.bw/

    Brazil Central Bank of Brazil http://www.bcb.gov.br/en

    Brunei Darussalam Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam http://www.ambd.gov.bn/Home.aspx

    Bulgaria Bulgarian National Bank http://www.bnb.bg/

    Burkina Faso Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Burundi Bank of the Republic of Burundi http://www.brb.bi/

    C
    Cambodia National Bank of Cambodia http://www.nbc.org.kh/english/index.php

    Cameroon Bank of Central African States http://www.beac.int

    Canada Bank of Canada http://www.bankofcanada.ca/

    Cape Verde Bank of Cape Verde http://www.bcv.cv

    Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Monetary Authority http://www.cimoney.com.ky

    Central African Republic Bank of Central African States http://www.beac.int

    Chad Bank of Central African States http://www.beac.int

    Chile Central Bank of Chile http://www.bcentral.cl/en

    China People’s Bank of China http://www.pbc.gov.cn/english/

    Colombia Bank of the Republic, Colombia http://www.banrep.gov.co/en

    Congo Bank of Central African States http://www.beac.int

    Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Central Bank of Congo http://www.bcc.cd/

    Costa Rica Central Bank of Costa Rica http://www.bccr.fi.cr/

    Croatia Croatian National Bank http://www.hnb.hr

    Cuba Central Bank of Cuba http://www.bc.gob.cu/english

    Cura?o Central Bank of Cura?o and Sint Maarten http://www.centralbank.cw/

    Cyprus Central Bank of Cyprus http://www.centralbank.gov.cy/
    Czech Republic Czech National Bank http://www.cnb.cz/en
    D
    Denmark National Bank of Denmark (Danmarks Nationalbank) http://www.nationalbanken.dk/

    Dominican Republic Central Bank of the Dominican Republic http://www.bancentral.gov.do/

    E
    Ecuador Central Bank of Ecuador https://www.bce.fin.ec/

    Egypt Central Bank of Egypt http://www.cbe.org.eg/

    El Salvador Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador http://www.bcr.gob.sv/esp/

    Equatorial Guinea Bank of Central African States http://www.bcr.gob.sv/esp/

    Estonia Bank of Estonia http://www.eestipank.ee/en

    Ethiopia National Bank of Ethiopia http://www.nbe.gov.et/

    Euro area European Central Bank http://www.ecb.europa.eu

    F
    Fiji Reserve Bank of Fiji http://www.rbf.gov.fj/

    Finland Bank of Finland http://www.suomenpankki.fi/en

    France Bank of France https://www.banque-france.fr/en

    G
    Gabon Bank of Central African States https://www.beac.int/

    Gambia, The Central Bank of The Gambia http://www.cbg.gm/

    Georgia National Bank of Georgia https://www.nbg.gov.ge

    Germany Deutsche Bundesbank http://www.bundesbank.de/

    Ghana Bank of Ghana https://www.bog.gov.gh/

    Greece Bank of Greece http://www.bankofgreece.gr/

    Guatemala Bank of Guatemala http://www.banguat.gob.gt/

    Guinea Central Bank of the Republic of Guinea http://www.waba-abao.org/

    Guinea-Bissau Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Guyana Bank of Guyana https://www.bankofguyana.org.gy/bog/

    H
    Haiti Bank of the Republic of Haiti http://www.hkma.gov.hk/eng

    Honduras Central Bank of Honduras http://www.bch.hn/

    Hong Kong SAR Hong Kong Monetary Authority http://www.brh.net/

    Hungary Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary) http://www.mnb.hu/en

    I
    Iceland Central Bank of Iceland http://www.sedlabanki.is/

    India Reserve Bank of India https://www.rbi.org.in

    Indonesia Bank Indonesia http://www.bi.go.id/en/Default.aspx

    Iran The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran http://www.cbi.ir/

    Iraq Central Bank of Iraq http://www.cbi.iq/

    Ireland Central Bank of Ireland http://www.centralbank.ie/

    Israel Bank of Israel http://www.boi.org.il/he/Pages/Default.aspx

    Italy Bank of Italy http://www.bancaditalia.it/

    Ivory Coast Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    J
    Jamaica Bank of Jamaica http://www.boj.org.jm/

    Japan Bank of Japan http://www.boj.or.jp/en/

    Jordan Central Bank of Jordan http://www.cbj.gov.jo/

    K
    Kazakhstan National Bank of Kazakhstan http://www.nationalbank.kz/

    Kenya Central Bank of Kenya https://www.centralbank.go.ke/

    Korea, Republic of Bank of Korea http://eng.bok.or.kr/eng

    Kosovo Central Bank of the Republic of Kosovo http://www.bqk-kos.org/

    Kuwait Central Bank of Kuwait http://www.cbk.gov.kw/en/
    Kyrgyzstan National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic http://www.nbkr.kg/
    L
    Lao People’s Democratic Republic Bank of the Lao PDR http://www.bol.gov.la/english/

    Latvia Bank of Latvia https://www.bank.lv/

    Lebanon Central Bank of Lebanon http://www.bdl.gov.lb/

    Lesotho Central Bank of Lesotho http://www.centralbank.org.ls/

    Liberia Central Bank of Liberia https://cbl.org.lr/

    Libya Central Bank of Libya https://cbl.gov.ly/eg/

    Lithuania Bank of Lithuania http://www.lb.lt/

    Luxembourg Central Bank of Luxembourg http://www.bcl.lu/

    M
    Macao SAR Monetary Authority of Macao https://www.centralbankmalta.org/

    Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (FYROM) National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) http://www.nbrm.mk/

    Madagascar Central Bank of Madagascar http://www.banque-centrale.mg/

    Malawi Reserve Bank of Malawi http://www.rbm.mw/

    Malaysia Central Bank of Malaysia http://www.bnm.gov.my/

    Maldives Maldives Monetary Authority http://www.mma.gov.mv/

    Mali Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Malta Central Bank of Malta http://www.amcm.gov.mo/

    Mauritius Bank of Mauritius http://www.bom.mu/

    Mexico Bank of Mexico http://www.banxico.org.mx/

    Moldova, Republic of National Bank of Moldova http://www.bnm.org/en

    Mongolia Bank of Mongolia https://www.mongolbank.mn/

    Montenegro Central Bank of Montenegro http://www.cb-cg.org/eng/

    Morocco Central Bank of Morocco http://www.bkam.ma/

    Mozambique Bank of Mozambique http://www.bancomoc.mz/

    Myanmar Central Bank of Myanmar http://www.cbm.gov.mm/

    N
    Namibia Bank of Namibia https://www.bon.com.na/

    Nepal Central Bank of Nepal http://www.nrb.org.np/

    Netherlands Netherlands Bank http://www.dnb.nl/en

    New Zealand Reserve Bank of New Zealand http://www.rbnz.govt.nz/

    Nicaragua Central Bank of Nicaragua http://www.bcn.gob.ni/

    Niger Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Nigeria Central Bank of Nigeria http://www.cbn.gov.ng/

    Norway Central Bank of Norway (Norges Bank)

    http://www.norges-bank.no/

    O
    Oman Central Bank of Oman http://www.cbo.gov.om/

    Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) Eastern Caribbean Central Bank http://www.eccb-centralbank.org/

    P
    Pakistan State Bank of Pakistan http://www.sbp.org.pk/

    Palestine Palestine Monetary Authority http://www.pma.ps/

    Papua New Guinea Bank of Papua New Guinea http://www.bankpng.gov.pg/

    Paraguay Central Bank of Paraguay https://www.bcp.gov.py/

    Peru Central Reserve Bank of Peru http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/

    Philippines Central Bank of the Philippines (Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas) http://www.bsp.gov.ph/

    Poland National Bank of Poland http://www.nbp.pl/

    Portugal Bank of Portugal http://www.bportugal.pt/

    Q
    Qatar Qatar Central Bank http://www.qcb.gov.qa/

    R
    Romania National Bank of Romania http://www.bnro.ro/

    Russian Federation Central Bank of the Russian Federation http://www.cbr.ru/eng/

    Rwanda National Bank of Rwanda http://www.bnr.rw/
    S
    Samoa Central Bank of Samoa http://cbs.gov.ws/

    San Marino Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino http://www.bcsm.sm/

    Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency http://www.sama.gov.sa/

    Senegal Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Serbia National Bank of Serbia http://www.nbs.rs

    Seychelles Central Bank of Seychelles http://www.cbs.sc/

    Sierra Leone Bank of Sierra Leone http://www.bsl.gov.sl/

    Singapore Monetary Authority of Singapore http://www.mas.gov.sg/

    Slovakia National Bank of Slovakia http://www.nbs.sk/en/home

    Slovenia Bank of Slovenia http://www.bsi.si/en/

    Solomon Islands Central Bank of Solomon Islands http://www.cbsi.com.sb/

    South Africa South African Reserve Bank http://www.resbank.co.za/

    Spain Bank of Spain http://www.bde.es/bde/en/

    Sri Lanka Central Bank of Sri Lanka http://www.cbsl.gov.lk/

    Sudan Bank of Sudan http://www.cbos.gov.sd/en

    Suriname Central Bank of Suriname https://www.cbvs.sr/

    Swaziland The Central Bank of Swaziland http://www.centralbank.org.sz/

    Sweden Sveriges Riksbank http://www.riksbank.se/en/

    Switzerland Swiss National Bank http://www.snb.ch/en/

    Syria Central Bank of Syria https://www.banquecentrale.gov.sy/

    T
    Tajikistan National Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan http://nbt.tj/tj/

    Tanzania, United Republic of Bank of Tanzania http://www.bot-tz.org/

    Thailand Bank of Thailand https://www.bot.or.th

    Togo Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO) http://www.bceao.int/

    Tonga National Reserve Bank of Tonga http://www.reservebank.to/

    Trinidad and Tobago Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago http://www.central-bank.org.tt/

    Tunisia Central Bank of Tunisia http://www.bct.gov.tn/

    Turkey Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/

    Turkmenistan Central Bank of Turkmenistan http://www.cbt.tm/

    U
    Uganda Bank of Uganda https://www.bou.or.ug/

    Ukraine National Bank of Ukraine http://www.bank.gov.ua/

    United Arab Emirates Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates http://www.centralbank.ae/en/

    United Kingdom Bank of England http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/

    United States Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System http://www.federalreserve.gov/

    Uruguay Central Bank of Uruguay http://www.bcu.gub.uy/
    Uzbekistan Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan http://www.cbu.uz/uzc/

    V
    Vanuatu Reserve Bank of Vanuatu http://www.rbv.gov.vu/

    Venezuela Central Bank of Venezuela http://www.bcv.org.ve/

    Vietnam State Bank of Vietnam http://www.sbv.gov.vn/

    Y
    Yemen Central Bank of Yemen http://www.centralbank.gov.ye/

    Z
    Zambia Bank of Zambia http://www.boz.zm/

    Zimbabwe Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe http://www.

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