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Climate change refers to long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, and other atmospheric conditions on Earth. While Earth’s climate has naturally varied over geological time scales, the term “climate change” is commonly used to refer to the significant and rapid changes observed in recent decades, largely attributed to human activities.

  1. Global Warming: An increase in the average global temperature.
  2. Sea Level Rise: Melting ice caps and glaciers, along with the expansion of seawater as it warms, contribute to rising sea levels.
  3. Extreme Weather Events: More frequent and intense events such as hurricanes, droughts, floods, and heatwaves.
  4. Ocean Acidification: The absorption of excess CO2 by the oceans leads to increased acidity, affecting marine ecosystems.
  5. Biodiversity Loss: Changes in climate can disrupt ecosystems, affecting plant and animal species and leading to shifts in their distribution and abundance.

Efforts to address climate change involve mitigation, which aims to reduce or prevent the emission of greenhouse gases, and adaptation, which involves adjusting to the new conditions resulting from climate change. International cooperation is crucial in addressing climate change, as it is a global issue that requires coordinated efforts to reduce emissions and minimize its impacts. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, is a significant international effort to combat climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

The overwhelming consensus among climate scientists and the scientific community is that climate change is occurring, and human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation, are major contributors to the observed changes. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and various scientific organizations around the world have produced extensive reports supporting this view.

Addressing climate change is considered a critical global challenge because of its far-reaching impacts on ecosystems, weather patterns, sea levels, and human societies. Many experts advocate for urgent and coordinated efforts to mitigate the causes of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and adapt to the changing climate.

Public awareness and understanding of climate change are essential for fostering informed decision-making and encouraging actions at the individual, community, and governmental levels to address this complex issue.

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